Hi, you must use only the materials (lectures + readings) provided for this essay. Make sure to follow the instruction carefully and demonstrate a clear understanding of the topic. Make sure to cite the works accordingly, and make sure to have a clear thesis for this essay.You must use the readings and the videos provided. DO NOT USE ANY OTHER OUTSIDE MATERIALS. Readings: Shaw, Todd; Louis DeSipio; Dianne Pinderhughes; and Toni-Michelle C. Travis. 2019. Uneven Roads: An Introduction to U.S. Racial and Ethnic Politics, 2nd Edition. Los Angeles, CA: Sage CQ Press.El Plan de Aztlan (http://websites.umich.edu/~ac213/student_projects05/ip/plandeaztlan1.html)Lecture Videos: — Models of Minority Exclusion (14:32) https://uci.yuja.com/V/Video?v=3983192&node=13496435&a=1325123519&autoplay=1 — Native Americans and the Denial of Treaty Rights (21:55) https://uci.yuja.com/V/Video?v=3983094&node=13496244&a=1992736886&autoplay=1 — The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and 19th Century Meanings of U.S. Citizenship (25:10) https://uci.yuja.com/V/Video?v=3983018&node=13496110&a=1231064596&autoplay=1 — The 14th and 15th Amendments and Their Abrogation (29:08) https://uci.yuja.com/V/Video?v=3982993&node=13496040&a=136194023&autoplay=1 — Chinese Exclusion and the Roots of National Immigration Restriction (26:40) https://uci.yuja.com/V/Video?v=3983059&node=13496168&a=1004604671&autoplay=1 — African American Civil Rights Organizing and the Assertion of Equal Protection of the Laws (34:06) https://uci.yuja.com/V/Video?v=3983415&node=13496852&a=1116428613&autoplay=1 — Lessons and Legacies of African American Civil Rights Organizing (14:31) https://uci.yuja.com/V/Video?v=3983214&node=13496464&a=1814462827&autoplay=1Instruction:Please answer the following question in an essay of 4 to 6 pages (1,000 to 1,500 words). The essay should be double spaced and offer citation to class materials (lectures, readings, supplemental audio/video files, and/or forum posts). Your essay should analyze the readings, lectures, supplemental video/audio material, and forums to support a thesis that you identify early in your essay. For the purposes of this class, it is perfectly acceptable to say: “My thesis is: … .”When you use material from the readings, you should cite the author and the page number in a parenthetical end note, e.g. (Shaw et. al. 2019: 41); when you use lecture material or the supplemental video/audio files, you should cite the lecture number or name or the name of the audio/video file.Your grade will reflect your success at stating a clear thesis (that you subsequently defend with evidence from the class readings and lectures) and in citing the sources of your evidence. Essay Prompt: I have identified three models of minority exclusion in the lectures: apartheid, economic/political disempowerment, and two-tiered pluralism. We have had the opportunity to examine the first two in depth. In an essay, please define apartheid and economic/political disempowerment as they apply to U.S. minority politics and then assess how each shaped the political opportunities and barriers for three of the following racial/ethnic groups: African Americans, Asian Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans. Based on your review of these political histories, please assess which of these two models offers the richest explanation for the political barriers and opportunities of these racial/ethnic groups in the period before and leading up to the Civil Rights era.Please ensure that the evidence that you use to defend your thesis comes from both the readings and the lectures.