Integumentary system


In this assignment, you will review a case study and answer the corresponding questions. You will need to apply the concepts related to the integumentary system and melanoma.  

Remember to view the assignment rubric (see below) before completing the assignment.

Assignment Instructions

Read the case study.

Answer each question and create a report for the case study.

Your report must be a minimum of 300 words.

All answers should be in your own words and typed neatly using appropriate grammar, spelling, punctuation, and APA style.

Include APA citations when necessary.

Submit to your instructor by 11:59 PM on the date listed in the course schedule.


Do not include/rewrite the questions in the assignment.

Your submission must have a Turnitin similarity score of less than 20%. Remember you have 3 submissions before the due date to check your score.

Submissions greater than 20% will risk earning no points with no redo option and you may be reported to Administration for academic discipline.

The Case Study

The Discovery

“Hannah, do you mind if I step into the bathroom to get something?” Hannah’s husband Joe exclaimed. “I’m just stepping out of the shower, so yes, you can come in,” said Hannah as she slid the glass shower door open. “I’ll just be a second,” said Joe as the bathroom door swung open. “Hey, I never noticed that mole on your back.” “Oh, that tiny thing,” said Hannah. “I’ve had that for a couple of years now.” “Well, it doesn’t look so tiny to me,” said Joe. “I think you should get that checked out.” “I guess I probably should,” said Hannah. “You know my aunt had skin cancer.”

At the Dermatologist


Hannah Jones, a married, 48-year-old avid long-distance runner previously in good health, presented to her dermatologist during which a suspicious-looking mole was noticed on the upper left portion of her back. She reported that she has had that mole for a couple of years but thinks that it may have gotten larger over the past two years. Hannah reported that she has noticed itchiness around this mole over the past few weeks. She had multiple other moles on her back, arms, and legs, none of which looked suspicious.

Upon further questioning, Hannah reported that her aunt died in her late forties of skin cancer, but he knew no other details about her illness. Hannah is a teacher who spends most of the week indoors. On weekends, however, she typically goes for a 5-mile run and spends much of her weekend and summer afternoons gardening. She has a light complexion, and blonde hair, and reports that she sunburns easily but uses protective sunscreen only sporadically.

Physical Examination

Head, neck, thorax, and abdominal exams were normal, apart from a hard, enlarged, non-tender mass felt in the left axillary region. In addition, a 1.6 x 2.8 cm mole was noted on the left posterior thoracic region. The lesion had an appearance suggestive of a melanoma. It was surgically excised with 3 mm margins using a local anesthetic and sent to the pathology laboratory for histologic analysis.

Pathology Report

The pathology report gave the following description of the tissue sample:

“Diagnosis: Superficial spreading melanoma with vertical level V invasion. Coalescent nests of neoplastic cells were noted in the papillary and reticular dermis and in the subcutaneous layer. In addition, large, pink-stained cells with pleomorphic nuclei were found spreading radially through the epidermal layer. Proliferating lymphocytic cells are noted in the dermis surrounding the malignant cells.”


Hannah is told that she has malignant melanoma and that it may have already metastasized. She is advised that she may need additional surgery to verify that his tumor has metastasized.

Melanoma Model

View the BioDigital Melanoma ModelLinks to an external site. to learn more about melanoma.

Case Study Questions

Explain how the appearance of a malignant melanoma differs from that of a normal mole, or nevis, on gross inspection and why was it important to surgically excise and examine this mole?

Describe the differences in stages I through IV in melanoma and why is it useful to determine the level of invasion of this lesion?

Propose an explanation for why lymphocytes were noted around the borders of the lesion.

Why does Hannah’s physician think that her cancer has already metastasized?

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